Their area approximately measures between 60 and 70N latitudes and 20 and 23E longitudes. The distance of Finland area called Hanko (southernmost) to Nuorgam (northernmost) measure 720 miles or 1,160 kilometres. If you have seen the movie Ice Age, you can picture out their geography. Glaciers are thicker that last longer in Fennoscandia id compared to other part of Europe. The eroding effect left Finnish landscapes that are mostly with few mountains and hills. The highest point is Halti that measures 4, 344 feet, which is found in extreme northern part Lapland. Ridnitsohkka is their highest mountain were in the peak is entirely situated in Finland and directly adjoining to Halti.
Glaciers that are retreating left its land with deposits of morainic in eskers formations. This are stratifies ridges of gravel and sand that runs towards northwest-southwest. Their landscape was covered mostly by coniferous fens and taiga forests with small number of cultivated land. Their forest consists of birch, spruce, pine and many more. The most common soil type in Finland is tilled or moraine that is covered thinly by layers of biological origin humus. Their development Podzol profile was seen in other forest soils excluding drainage when it’s poor. The peat bogs and gleysols poorly occupy the drained areas.